The Domestic Turkey is a large poultry bird, one of the two species in the genus Meleagris and the same as the wild turkey. Turkey domestication was originally occurred in central Mesoamerica at least 2,000 years ago. Recent research suggests a second domestication event in the Southwestern United States between 200 BC and AD 500. All of the commercial domestic turkey varieties today descend from the domestic turkey raised in central Mexico that was subsequently imported into Europe by the Spanish in the 16th century. The fl eshy protuberance atop the beak is the snood, and the one attached to the underside of the beak is known as a wattle.